Posted May 19, 2020 | By: Lane Blanke
Scouting For Pea Leaf Weevils
The pea leaf weevil, an invasive species, has caused notable damage and yield loss in pulse crops across the Prairies. Identifying and managing the pea leaf weevil early in the growing season is key to minimizing damage and protecting your yield potential.
Adults overwinter in shelterbelts, field edges and perennial legume fields such as alfalfa. The adults emerge in early to mid-May when temperatures begin to warm up. They then migrate to host crops - field pea and faba bean fields - to start feeding and mating. When the eggs hatch, the emerged larva will bury into the soil and feed on the root nodules, creating an inability for the plant to fix nitrogen. The larva will continue to feed until they mature into adults and then feed on above ground foliage eventually finding sites to overwinter again.
When scouting for the weevil, it’s important to start looking early in the season as newly emerged peas are the most vulnerable to damage. Begin at field edges and work your way into the field. Typical damage includes “c” shaped notches in the leaves. Note any damage to the leaves shaped like clams on the pea plants. These are the leaves you want to protect. It is also a good idea to dig up the plants and look for any larva or feeding damage to the root nodules. Economic threshold is when 30 per cent of seedlings in the field have damaged leaves. Once peas are at the 6th node stage, the weevil is no longer a concern, as the peas will produce new foliage faster than the weevil can eat.
Controlling pea leaf weevil is mostly done using registered seed treatments and foliar insecticides. Early seeding and the use of trap crops on field edges can help reduce weevil feeding. Maintaining a proper crop rotation within an affected area can also be a good practice. And having proper fertility and inoculation will lessen weevil damage. Strong, vigorous plants can better withstand weevil attack.
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